enabling ssl on wamp with startssl on a live site

by your mom   Last Updated July 05, 2017 21:01 PM

i am trying to enable ssl on my website i use wamp for a live site, i have read ALOT of tutorials on how to enable SSL but was unable to find any for using certificates from startssl.com

every module that needs to be enabled i believe is enabled, i currently even have

Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

un commented in my httpd.conf, but have commented EVERY line in my httpd-ssl.conf for the sake of my site running.

i have gone through each line individually in my httpd-ssl and commented lines 1 by 1 checking and i dont seem to have any issues until i un comment the virtual hosts line (yes i did this saving and restarting my server every time)

I have no idea whats going on here though, i have the 4 files i saved from startssl, the crt is for my site... so im hoping someone here may be able to help. below is my httpd-ssl.conf

SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5
SSLPassPhraseDialog  builtin
SLSessionCache         "dbm:Z:/wamp/logs/ssl_scache"
SSLSessionCache        "shmcb:Z:/wamp/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"
SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300

Listen 443

AddType application/x-x509-ca-cert .crt  
AddType application/x-pkcs7-crl    .crl  
SSLPassPhraseDialog  builtin  
SSLSessionCache        "shmcb:Z:/wamp/bin/apache/Apache2.2.11/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"  
SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300  
SSLMutex default  

NameVirtualHost *:443  

<VirtualHost *:443>  
ServerName "dirtrif.com"  
DocumentRoot "Z:/wamp/www/"  

SSLEngine on  
SSLCipherSuite ALL:!ADH:!EXPORT56:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:+LOW:+SSLv2:+EXP:+eNULL
SSLCACertificatePath "Z:/wamp/OpenSSL/certs/"
SSLCACertificateFile "Z:/wamp/OpenSSL/certs/public.crt"
SSLCACertificateFile "Z:/wamp/OpenSSL/certs/ca.pem"
SSLCertificateKeyFile "Z:/wamp/OpenSSL/certs/ssl.key"
SSLCertificateChainFile "Z:/wamp/OpenSSL/certs/sub.class1.server.ca.pem"
</VirtualHost>

i would also like to note: i run apache 2.4.4 and i have already over writen the files in apache with the openSSL download from http://slproweb.com/products/Win32OpenSSL.html (cause i read somewhere to do that lol)

also my site is actually a live site from my pc, i do have port 80 open, and port 443 is the same setup as 80, put some reason canyouseeme.org doesnt see port 443 =/



Answers 1


How to Configure WAMPServer to use HTTPS SSL

*This is not a trivial process. This tutorial will, hopefully, get SSL working for you. However getting it configured correctly once it is working is TOTALLY DOWN TO YOU.

Additional reading for all who travel this road

Ok,

I have based this tutorial on the creation of a site called www.wamphelpers.dev So whereever you see that name change it to the site name you are trying to secure.

I started by creating a unsecured site, in \wamp\www\wamphelpers

added a Virtual Host for that site, in httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "c:/wamp/www"
    ServerName localhost
    ServerAlias localhost
    <Directory  "c:/wamp/www">
        AllowOverride All
        Require local
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "c:/wamp/www/wamphelpers"
    ServerName wamphelpers.dev
    ServerAlias www.wamphelpers.dev
    <Directory  "c:/wamp/www/wamphelpers">
        AllowOverride All
        Require local
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Added its name to the C:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts

127.0.0.1 wamphelpers.dev www.wamphelpers.dev
::1       wamphelpers.dev www.wamphelpers.dev

Now restart the dnscache as follows from a command windows launched using 'Run as Administrator'

net stop dnscache
net start dnscache

Then created a simple script in \wamp\www\wamphelpers\index.php

<?php
    echo 'Hello, this is the WAMPHELPERS.DEV site homepage';
?>

Now restart Apache and make sure that your simple unsecured site is working before continuing


The openssl toolkit. The openssl.exe, ssleay32.dll and libeay32.dll come with, and are located in, the C:\wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\bin folder This should be all you need to create your self signed certificate !!

HOWEVER: These did not work for me on any of the versions of Apache that I had installed. I always got this error message.

error message

Where the ordinal number changed depending on the apache version folder I was in.

If you get this error dont worry this is what you need to do.

install the latest version of the OPENSSL TOOLKIT

This can be obtained from here

Pick the Latest version of 'Win32 OpenSSLv xxx Light' as this is all you need.

This will download an .exe file which you can run to install this toolkit.

It will ask the following question, I suggest you answer it like this so you dont end up installing something into C:\windows\system32. Afterall this is a toolkit and it changes reasonably often. Best to keep these things seperate and not make them system global.

openssl install suggestion

Once that is installed ( to whichever folder you specified in the install )you should be ready to start the process of generating keys and certificates!


Generate keys and Certificates.

STEP 1: Generate an RSA Private Key

First we need to create ourselves a certificate. The normal (paid for) process is to create your certificate and then pass it to a signing authority. This is why it costs money, as they have to do, due dilligence, to check that you are who you say you are and that site that you will use the certificate on is real and legitimate.

The openssl toolkit is used to generate an RSA Private Key and CSR (Certificate Signing Request) to be used for our Certificate. The first step is to create your RSA Private Key. This key is a 1024 bit RSA key which is encrypted using Triple-DES and stored in a PEM format so that it is readable as ASCII text.

Open up a Command window (Dos box) using [b]Run as Administrator[/b] Change Directory to where you installed the OpenSSL Toolkit above. In my case this is

CD c:\apps\OpenSSL-Win32\bin

Make a folder for the output to be put in ( to keep the bin folder tidy ) I used website

md website

Now enter this command:

openssl genrsa -out website\server.key 2048

This should have created a file in the website folder called privkey.pem, without a pass phrase key, check it exists.

Step 2: Generate a CSR (Certificate Signing Request)

During the generation of the CSR, you will be prompted for several pieces of information. These are the X.509 attributes of the certificate. One of the prompts will be for "Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:". It is important that this field be filled in with the fully qualified domain name of the server to be protected by SSL. So if the website to be protected will be https://www.wamphelpers.dev, then enter www.wampheplers.dev at this prompt.

Do not enter anything to the question: A challenge password []:] Just press Enter. If you do enter a passphrase here when you come to start Apache with SSL configured Apache will not start and will give this error message :-

[error] Init: SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin is not supported on Win32

Basically if you do enter a passphrase Apache is supposed to challenge you for that passphrase each time it starts. This is obviously not going to make your life any easier but primarily on windows it does not actually work and will cause Apache to crash when it attempts to ask for the passphrase, with the above error.

The command to generate the CSR is as follows:

openssl req -new -key website\server.key -out website\server.csr


Example question and answers:
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:GB
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: Hampshire
Locality Name (eg, city) []: Portsmouth
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: Wamp Helpers Ltd
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: Information Technology
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: www.wamphelpers.dev
Email Address []: [email protected]

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []: ( leave blank just hit the enter key )
An optional company name []: ( leave blank just hit the enter key )

Step 3: Generating a Self-Signed Certificate

At this point you will need to generate a self-signed certificate because you either don't plan on having your certificate signed by a CA, or you wish to test your new SSL implementation while the CA is signing your certificate.

PRE - WARNING This certificate will generate an error in the client browser to the effect that the signing certificate authority is unknown and not trusted. This is unavoidable as we are signing the certificate ourselves, but of course the web of trust does not know who we are. See example later in this document showing how to tell your browser that you actually trust this certificate

openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in website\server.csr -signkey website\server.key -out website\server.crt


Example output:
Loading 'screen' into random state - done
Signature ok
subject=/C=GB/ST=Hampshire/L=Portsmouth/O=WampHelpers Ltd/OU=Information Technology/CN=www.wamphelpers.dev/[email protected]
Getting Private key

Step 4: Installing the Private Key and Certificate

Create these 2 directories under the version of Apache you are using.

md c:\wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\conf\ssl.key
md c:\wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\conf\ssl.crt

And copy the file we have just generated into them like so:

copy website\server.crt c:\wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\conf\ssl.crt
copy website\server.key c:\wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\conf\ssl.key

Step 5: Configure Apache to activate SSL

Edit httpd.conf, Check that this line is uncommented

LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so

Remove the comment '#' from this line also

Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

Then move that line after this block .... like so

<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

Step 6: Configure PHP to activate SSL

Edit your php.ini ( use the wampmanager menus so you edit the correct one )

Remove the comment ';' from this line

extension=php_openssl.dll

Step 7: Configure your secure sites Virtual Host

Yup for all you Virtual Host nay sayers, now you cannot avoid the process.

Edit \wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\conf\httpd-ssl.conf

This file is released by Apache and contains some default file location. We can leave most of this file as it is, but we need to configure the virtual host in here to match our actual sites location and a few other things so:

find these lines

DocumentRoot "c:/Apache2/htdocs"
ServerName www.example.com:443
ServerAdmin [email protected]
ErrorLog "c:/Apache2/logs/error.log"
TransferLog "c:/Apache2/logs/access.log"

and change them to

DocumentRoot "c:/wamp/www/wamphelpers"
ServerName wamphelpers.dev:443
ErrorLog "c:/wamp/logs/ssl_error.log"
TransferLog "c:/wamp/logs/ssl_access.log"

Find

SSLCertificateFile "c:/Apache2/conf/server.crt"

and change to

SSLCertificateFile "c:/wamp/bin/apache/apachex.y.x/conf/ssl.crt/server.crt"

Find

SSLCertificateKeyFile "c:/Apache2/conf/server.key"

and change to

SSLCertificateKeyFile "c:/wamp/bin/apache/apache2.2.26/conf/ssl.key/server.key"

Find

<Directory "c:/Apache2/cgi-bin">
    SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</Directory>

and change to

<Directory "c:/wamp/www/wamphelpers">
    SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
    AllowOverride All
    Order Deny,Allow
    Deny from all
    Allow from 127.0.0.1 localhost ::1
</Directory>

Find

SSLSessionCache        "shmcb:c:/Apache2/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"
SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300

and change it to

SSLSessionCache        "shmcb:c:/wamp/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"
SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300

Find

CustomLog "c:/Apache24/logs/ssl_request.log" \
      "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"

and change to

CustomLog "c:/wamp/logs/ssl_request.log" \
          "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"

Basically look through the conf file and any command that is not commented out, but has a reference to a file or folder should be changed to reference the WAMPServer folder structure and not 'C:/Apache2....'

Now make sure all these files we have changed are saved, and restart Apache using the wampmanager menus.

First test that the unprotected site is still working.

Then try using your new protected site by adding the 'https://' to the front of the domain name i.e. https://www.wamphelpers.dev without the single quotes of course.

If Apache does not restart you have probably spelt something wrong. Test the configs like so :-

Open a command window

cd \wamp\bin\apache\apachex.y.z\bin
httpd -t

This will parse all the config files and should give you a file name and a line number where an error has been found.

Fix it and try again.

First access to your site will generate a message page something like this. This is using FireFox, others will be slightly different, but the concept it the same.

enter image description here

This is because your certificate is not signed by a trusted authority, DONT PANIC, this is supposed to happen.

Click on, 'I Understand the risk' and that will show you a button saying 'Add Exception' Press the Add Exception button, after checking that the certificates site details are in fact yours, and you will not see this message again unless you clear the exception list.

BIG NOTE As of Apache v2.2.12 and OpenSSL v0.9.8j it is now possible to secure more than one site per Apache instance. This tutorial does not cover that process. See here for more details:

Here

and Here

and Here

And like I said at the top, now you need to do some reseach on all the options available in the SSL config and make thing work as you want rather than using the default.

RiggsFolly
RiggsFolly
June 27, 2014 11:55 AM

Related Questions


WAMP Server: What am I doing wrong?

Updated February 26, 2017 10:01 AM

cannot access localhost in wamp server

Updated February 18, 2017 17:01 PM

Can't restart Apache

Updated July 24, 2017 12:01 PM

Watch local WAMP server requests to the internet

Updated October 18, 2018 17:01 PM